The human rights system in Ontario consists of three pillars: the Ontario Human Rights Commission, the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario, and the Human Rights Legal Support Centre.
Ontario Human Rights Commission
The Ontario Human Rights Commission's (OHRC) mission is to promote and enforce human rights, to engage in relationships that embody the principles of dignity and respect, and to create a culture of human rights compliance and accountability.
Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario
If you believe you have experienced discrimination or harassment, you can file an application with the HRTO. The HRTO resolves claims of discrimination and harassment brought under the Human Rights Code in a fair, just and timely way.
Human Rights Legal Support Centre
The Human Rights Legal Support Centre is an independent agency, funded by the Government of Ontario, to provide legal services to individuals who have experienced discrimination. The Centre will provide legal assistance to individuals in taking an application to the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario to resolve a human rights dispute.
Canadian Human Rights Commission
The Canadian Human Rights Commission protects the core principle of equal opportunity and promotes a vision of an inclusive society free from discrimination by promoting human rights through research and policy development; protecting human rights through a fair and effective complaints process; representing the public interest to advance human rights for all Canadians; and auditing employers under federal jurisdiction for compliance with employment equity.
Canadian Human Rights Tribunal
The Canadian Human Rights Tribunal (CHRT) has a statutory mandate to apply the Canadian Human Rights Act (CHRA) based on the evidence presented and on the case law. Created by Parliament in 1977, the Tribunal legally decides whether a person or organization has engaged in a discriminatory practice under the Act.
Ontario Human Rights Code, R.S.O. 1990, c. H.19
Canadian Human Rights Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-6)
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (Constitution Act, 1982)
Canadian Legal Information Institute (CanLII)
An extensive and free database of legislation, and reported decisions from courts and tribunals across Canada
International Human Rights Law
An overview of the international human rights law movement, and links to key international human rights law instruments, can be found at the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights